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How should I use .gitignore?


By : Ramakrishna Gali
Date : October 17 2020, 01:08 AM
help you fix your problem The .gitignore file specifies patterns of untracked files to intentionally ignore. Once a file has been committed, it is tracked; that's why your new ignore file appears to have no effect!
You can get more details about the usage of ignore files in the dedicated manual page (git help ignore). This manual page also hints at how to stop tracking files that are currently being tracked:
code :


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gitignore not working - want to ignore everything but gitignore file to keep an 'empty' directory


By : dDarkDetective
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
fixed the issue. Will look into that further Are you expecting the double-quote to act like a comment in your .gitignore file? You've got this...
code :
*            " Ignore everything in this directory
!.gitignore  " Except this file
*
!.gitignore
$ ls -A
dir1 .git
$ ls -A dir1
.gitignore
$ cat dir1/.gitignore
*
!.gitignore
$ git status
# On branch master
nothing to commit (working directory clean)
$ touch dir1/file{1,2,3}
$ ls -A dir1
file1 file2 file3 .gitignore
$ git status
# On branch master
nothing to commit (working directory clean)

Why .iml files should be added to gitignore? What should be placed in gitignore in common case?


By : user3756865
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
With these it helps Primary question is, why should I add IDEAs *.iml files to gitignore? If then I get repo without .iml file, I will forced to create new project and manualy add my files. Am I wrong about it? ,
why should I add IDEAs *.iml files to gitignore?

Definitive retroactive .gitignore (how to make Git completely/retroactively forget about a file now in .gitignore)


By : nora
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
help you fix your problem This method makes Git completely forget ignored files (past/present/future), but does not delete anything from working directory (even when re-pulled from remote).
This method requires usage of /.git/info/exclude (preferred) OR a pre-existing .gitignore in all the commits that have files to be ignored/forgotten. 1
code :
#commit up-to-date .gitignore (if not already existing)
#these commands must be run on each branch
#these commands are not strictly necessary if you don't want/need a .gitignore file.  .git/info/exclude can be used instead

git add .gitignore
git commit -m "Create .gitignore"

#apply standard git ignore behavior only to current index, not working directory (--cached)
#if this command returns nothing, ensure /.git/info/exclude AND/OR .gitignore exist
#this command must be run on each branch
#if using .git/info/exclude, it will need to be modified per branch run, if the branches have differing (per-branch) .gitignore requirements.

git ls-files -z --ignored --exclude-standard | xargs -0 git rm --cached

#Commit to prevent working directory data loss!
#this commit will be automatically deleted by the --prune-empty flag in the following command
#this command must be run on each branch
#optionally use the --amend flag to merge this commit with the previous one instead of creating 2 commits.

git commit -m "ignored index"

#Apply standard git ignore behavior RETROACTIVELY to all commits from all branches (--all)
#This step WILL delete ignored files from working directory UNLESS they have been dereferenced from the index by the commit above
#This step will also delete any "empty" commits.  If deliberate "empty" commits should be kept, remove --prune-empty and instead run git reset HEAD^ immediately after this command

git filter-branch --tree-filter 'git ls-files -z --ignored --exclude-standard | xargs -0 git rm -f --ignore-unmatch' --prune-empty --tag-name-filter cat -- --all

#List all still-existing files that are now ignored properly
#if this command returns nothing, it's time to restore from backup and start over
#this command must be run on each branch

git ls-files --other --ignored --exclude-standard
git push origin --force --all
git push origin --force --tags
git for-each-ref --format="delete %(refname)" refs/original | git update-ref --stdin
git reflog expire --expire=now --all
git gc --prune=now
#fetch modified remote

git fetch --all

#"Pull" changes WITHOUT deleting newly-ignored files from working directory
#This will overwrite local tracked files with remote - ensure any local modifications are backed-up/stashed

git reset FETCH_HEAD

gitignore: ignore newly added filed to .gitignore


By : user3297036
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
I hope this helps you . I wanted to add few more files to gitignore. And want them to be ignored in the past/present and future ,
I wanted to add few more files to gitignore.
code :
A <-B <-C <-D <-E <-F <-G <-H   <--master
A--B--C--D--E--F--G--H   <-- master

A'  <-- new-master
A--B--C--D--E--F--G--H   <-- master

A'-B'  <-- new-master
A--B--C--D--E--F--G--H   <-- master

A'-B'-C'-D'-E'-F'-G'-H'  <-- new-master
A--B--C--D--E--F--G--H   [abandoned]

A'-B'-C'-D'-E'-F'-G'-H'  <-- master
A--B--C--D--E--F--G--H   [abandoned]
    \
     C'-D'-E'-F'-G'-H'  <-- master
A--B--C'-D'-E'-F'-G'-H'  <-- master
A--B--C--D--E--F--G--H
    \                 \
     C'-D'-E'-F'-G'-H'-I   <-- master

gitignore just doesn't work. I can't get it to ignore .DS_Store & .gitignore files


By : Nikita Pinchuk
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
I wish this helpful for you You shouldn't ignore your .gitignore. I don't think the ignore feature works when you don't have it in your repository. I'm not sure though. Files that are already tracked won't be ignored, even if you add them to .gitignore. If you want them to be ignored after they've been added to the repository already, you have to remove them with git rm filename first.
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